ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY IN METHANOLIC SEED EXTRACT OF ANNONA SQUAMOSAAbstract
Annona squamosa (sugar apple) is commonly cultivated in tropical South America occasionally in southern Florida as well as in Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Barbados, and dry regions of Australia. It was growing in Indonesia early in the 17th century and has been widely adopted in southern China, tropical Africa, Egypt, and the lowlands of Palestine. This plant is a small well-branched tree or shrub that bears edible fruits called sugar-apples, species of the genus Annona and a member of the family Annonaceae is traditionally used for the treatment of epilepsy, dysentery, cardiac problem, warm infection, constipation, hemorrhage, antibacterial infection and also has anti-tumor activity. Especially the seeds have another important effect they are medically useful to show many therapeutic activities such as anticancer, and CNS depressant. Hence the present study was taken to test the antimicrobial activity of seeds of Annona squamosa and microbes such as Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi. The evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of the seed extracts of Annona squamosa was done with methanol using the soxhlation method followed by steam distillation to perform phytochemical screening.
Anshuman Bhattacharya, Anindita Pal, Soumya Datta *, Souvik Biswas, Arijit Das, Pallakhyi Chanda, Dipan Roy, Sarbani Roy, Mrinmoy Nag, Souvik Chattopadhyay and Amartya Sen
Bharat Technology, Jadurberia, Uluberia, Howrah, West Bengal, India.
07 March 2023
08 May 2023
31 May 2023
01 November 2023