ANTIMYCOBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF FOLIOSE LICHENS ON PLANT AND ANIMAL PATHOGENSAbstract
Antimicrobial effects of different extracts of lichens were evaluated in this study. Acetone extract of Heterodermia boryi have shown maximum inhibitory activity against Escherichia coli (22mm) followed by Staphylococcus aureus (21mm)and Pseudomonas fluorescenes (20 mm). Among fungi, diethyl ether extract gave desirable sensitivity pattern against Pestalotia foedans was very sensitive (21mm) followed by Paeciliomyces variotii (20mm). Most of the extracts of Sticta weigelii were found to be inactive against Fusarium oxysporum. Klebsiella pneumoniae was found to most resistant bacteria against Sticta weigelii. Among the tested microbial strains, Pseudomonas fluorescens was mostly inhibited (26 mm) by chloroform extract of Dermatocarpon vellereum. Serratia marcescens was found to be the most resistant strain against the lichen, but was effectively inhibited only by ethanolic extract of Dermatocarpon vellereum (20 mm). Hexane extract D. vellereum have shown maximum inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus aureus (23 mm).
M. Balasubramanian*and P. Nirmala
Department of Biotechnology, Kongu Arts and Science College, Nanjanapuram, Erode District-638107, Tamil Nadu, India.
19 April, 2014
03 July, 2014
31 July, 2014
01 November, 2014