ANTINOCICEPTIVE AND GASTRO PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF INHALED AND ORALLY ADMINISTERED THEVETIA PERUVIANA PERS. K. SCHUM. ESSENTIAL OILAbstract
In Present study the antinociceptive and the gastroprotective effects of orally administered or inhaled Thevetia peruviana Pers. K. (Schum) (Oleander) volatile oil, and its principal constituents linalool and 1,8-cineole were evaluated in mice. Either when orally administered (100µl/kg) or inhaled for 60 min Thevetia peruviana volatile oil significantly reduced the acetic acid-writhing response in a naloxone-sensitive manner. In the hot plate test, analgesic activity observed after oil inhalation was inhibited by naloxone and atropine sulphate pretreatment suggesting the involvement of opioidergic as well as cholinergic pathways. Regardless of the administration route and the experimental model used both linalool and 1,8-cineole did not produce significant analgesic response. Oral or inhalatory treatment with analgesic doses of volatile oil did not affect mice spontaneous locomotors activity. Concerning the gastric effects, Oleander oil, linalool and 1,8-cineole oral administration protected against acute ethanol-induced gastric ulcers but did not prevent indomethacin-induced lesions indicating no interference with arachidonic acid metabolic cascade. In conclusion, besides this gastroprotection, Oleander oil reveals an interesting analgesic activity mainly relevant after inhalation, at doses devoid of sedative side effect, suggesting the interest for potential application of this oil in aromatherapy.
Pragati Kumar *, Prabodh Shukla , Padmini Shukla and Shashi Alok
Department of Pharmacognosy, NIMS Institute of Pharmacy, NIMS University Jaipur (R.J.), India
30 June, 2015
15 August, 2015
22 September, 2015
1 October, 2015