ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIAL OF DIFFERENT PARTS (LEAVES, STEM, FRUIT, SEED, FLOWER AND ROOT) EXTRACTS OF CUCUMIS MELO VAR AGRESTISAbstract
Cucumis melo var agrestis (CMA) is belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae. This plant is also known as wild musk melon it is widely distributed in the coastal areas. Many of the Cucumis species were reported as antioxidants, but there is no report on the antioxidant activity of CMA. The present study is aimed to evaluate the phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of different parts (leaves, stem, fruit, seed, flower, and root) extract of Cucumis melo var agrestis. The phytochemical screening confirms the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, carbohydrates, saponins, glycosides, proteins, and amino acids in all extracts except Seed extract of CMA (SECMA), Fruit extract of CMA (FRCMA), and Flower extract of CMA (FLCMA) absence with tannins and FLCMA, a Root extract of CMA (RCMA) absence with saponins. Fruit extract of CMA (FRCMA) has the lower IC50 value for DPPH, ABTS, FRAP, and Phosphomolybdate assay when compared with all other extracts, and also the FRCMA possess higher phenolic and flavonoid content and also its activity is a nearby standard which confirms the higher antioxidant activity of FRCMA. The results of the present study concluded that FRCMA and LCMA has potent antioxidant activity and antioxidant activities are important to healing of many diseases; this research work is important in the future to conduct further studies on fruits of this plant material.
K. Gopalasatheeskumar * and V. K. Kalaichelvan
Department of Pharmacy, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India.
12 January 2020
09 April 2020
12 April 2020
01 January 2021