ANTIULCER ACTIVITY OF THE METHANOLIC AZADIRACHTA INDICA (NEEM) LEAVES EXTRACT ON INDUCED GASTRIC ULCERSAbstract
Gastric inflammation and ulceration are directly associated with accumulating reactive oxygen species, interleukins, TNF-α, and depletion of antioxidants. In addition to the frequent use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, gastric lesions are also provoked by stress, alcohol consumption and Helicobacter pylori. Among other NSAIDs, Indomethacin has been very effective compound to generate a gastric ulcer in rats’ gastric tissues. Ulcer of stomach generated by using Indomethacin involves the production of reactive oxygen species and upregulation of the activity as well as expression of matrix-metalloproteinase (MMPs). Various laboratory studies reveal that compounds from natural origin modify various metabolic disorders by changing pathological and physiological process. It can be a preventive method for various diseases including gastric ulcers. This project aimed to discover the anti-ulcerative effect of methanolic crude leaves extract on gastric ulcers induced by Indomethacin and cold stress in rodent’s model. Crude Neem leaves extract significantly inhibited gastric cancer cells survival in the cell culture model, protection in Indomethacin and stress induced gastric ulcers.