ASSESSMENT OF DEPRESSION PREVALENCE AND ITS DETERMINANTS AMONG ADULT PATIENTS ADMITTED IN GOVERNMENTAL HOSPITALS, MEKELLE, TIGRAY, ETHIOPIA, 2012. ; A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDYAbstract
Background: In Ethiopia, study about prevalence and determinants of depression among adultadmitted patients is scanty. Depression in adults aged 18 years and older who also have physical health problem at hospital setting is high risk factor for psychiatric disorder.
Objective: to assess prevalence of depression and determinants among adultpatients admitted in governmental hospitals, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2012.
Methods: The study design was a hospital based cross-sectional study, data was collected from280 adult hospitalized patients using systematic random sampling technique and questionnaire standardized structured Hamilton depression rating scale was conducted from March 23, 2012 to April 21, 2012 study period. The data first was cleaned, edited, coded and entered into computer and analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. Frequency and other descriptive statistics were computed. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions was done for association, the test of odd ratio was using 95% confidence interval and P-value <0.05.
Results: A total of 280 patients were interviewed study subjects thus made response rate of98.2%. Out of this 118 (42.1%) were males and 162 (57.9%) were females. The Prevalence of depression among 280 adult patients admitted in governmental hospitals about half of the study participants 153 (54.6%) had depression. There was a significant association between age, educational status, medical illness, ward admission were found to be significant associated with depression with P-V < 0.05.
Conclusion: In this study concluded that socio demographic factor such as age, educationalstatus, medical illness, ward admission found to be significant associated with depression.
Aklil Hailu , Alemnesh Mandush , Kalayou Kidanu Berhe *, Haftu Berhe Gebru and Alemseged Aregay
Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, Tigray, North Ethiopia
14 January, 2013
03 March, 2013
24 April, 2013
01 May, 2013