BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM MICROALGAE AND CYANOBACTERIA: UTILITY AND APPLICATIONSAbstract
Microalgae and Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) are photosynthetic prokaryotes used as food by humans. They have gained a lot of attention in recent years because of their potential applications in biotechnology. They have also been recognized as an excellent source of vitamins and proteins and as such are found in health food stores throughout the world. They are reported to be a source of fine chemicals, renewable fuel and bioactive compounds. Bioactive compounds are extra nutritional constituents that typically occur in small quantities in foods. Numerous bioactive compounds appear to have beneficial health effects. Microalgae and Cyanobacteria have been identified as a rich source of biologically active compounds with antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal and anticancer activities. This review is an attempt to consolidate the latest studies and critical research in this field, and to showcase the immense competence of uses of microalgae and cyanobacteria as a potential and promising source of novel compounds.
I. Priyadarshani and B. Rath*
Department of Biotechnology, North Orissa University, Sriram Chandra Vihar, Takatpur, Baripada-757003, Odisha, India
on 07 July, 2012
08 August, 2012
17 October, 2012