BOTANICAL AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF FICUS CYATHISTIPULA WARB. GROWING IN EGYPTAbstract
Ficus cyathistipula Warb. growing in Egypt is an evergreen tree, reaching up to six meters high. The macro- and micromorphological characters of the stem, leaf and fruit of the plant have been studied with the aim to find the diagnostic features and pointed towards their identification in both entire and powdered forms: partly united, leafy and conspicuous stipules, numerous ca-oxalate crystals, collateral vascular bundles with group of intraxylary phloem, mucilage and tannin cells, laticiferous vessels were the most significant. A total of 60 RAPD fragments have been recorded when DNA of the plant under investigation was amplified using eleven decamer primers designed for the genetic characterization. Furthermore, proximate analysis for the leaves was carried out to facilitate the detection of the quality and uniformity of the plant where the results (g %) showed a total ash (13.06), acid insoluble ash (0.58), water soluble ash (12.39), crude fiber (38) and moisture content (47.5).
Fatma S. El-Sakhawy , Hanaa A. Kassem , Sabah H. El-Gayed , Dina R. Abou-Hussei, * and Mayy M. Mostafa
Faculty of Pharmacy, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, P.O. Box 80260, Saudi arabia
11 September, 2014
15 December, 2014
16 April, 2015
01 May, 2015