BREAD FRUIT LEAF EXTRACT COMPOSITION AND ITS EFFECT ON OXALATE AND LEUKOCYTE PROFILES IN HYPEROXALURIC RATS INDUCED BY ETHYLENE GLYCOLAbstract
Nephrolithiasis or kidney stone disease is a disease characterized by the formation of crystals in the kidney. It is a disease that is found in many countries with high rates of recurrence and treatment costs. This study analyzes the effect of Breadfruit leaf extract on oxalate levels of CaOx stones deposited in the kidney and leukocyte differentiation in hyper oxaluric rats induced ethylene glycol. Experimental research with a -post-test with control design using 25 rats, which randomly divides into five groups, namely Normal, Ethylene Glycol, extract doses of 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg BW groups. The rat’s induced ethylene glycol 0.75% v/v for 28 days to initiate hyperoxaluria and the formation of CaOx stones. The treatment groups were given extracts from days 15 to 28. The data show tht the induction of ethylene glycol increases the levels of kidney oxalate (CaOx). Giving Breadfruit leaf extract 400 mg/kg BW can significantly reduce kidney oxalate (CaOx) levels and influence the total level of leukocytes. Leukocyte differentiation. The Breadfruit leaf extract prevents the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones and decreases inflammatory markers too.
J. Susilo, B. Purwanto, M. Doewes, D. Indarto and D. R. Muktiwi
Doctorate Student of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas, Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia.
22 July 2020
01 July 2021
02 July 2021
01 August 2021