CADMIUM BIOREMEDIATION: A REVIEWAbstract
The Increase in industrialization has raised the levels of heavy metal pollution in the country. Heavy metals are entering through the water supply, which is ultimately reaching into streams, lakes, rivers, and groundwater. So, ultimately, these heavy metals are causing environmental pollution, which is becoming a threat to humans as well as animals as the heavy metal pollution is linked with various life-threatening diseases as discussed below. It is very difficult to remove these potent and hazardous metals from the environment as they cannot be degraded chemically and biologically. Bioremediation offers an economical approach to remove these contaminants. Bioremediation uses both live microorganisms as well as plants (Phytoremediation) for the removal of heavy metals. Among toxic heavy metals, cadmium is one such metal which is harmful to flora and fauna. The study shows the present concrete scenario as well as the previous findings in this field of remediation of potent heavy metals, especially cadmium, which is very hazardous.