CHARACTERIZATION OF BACTERIOCIN FROM PROBIOTIC LACTOBACILLUS PLANTARUMAbstract
In our study, the sample (cheese) was selected for isolation and identification of Lactobacillus species as local probiotic isolate. The strain was subjected to microscopic and macroscopic investigations for probiotic selection. The world health organization criteria (WHO) were applied to all Lactobacillus species against E. coli, P. areoginosa, S. aerus, Chromobacterium, Serratia and A. flavus, antibiotic sensitivity test, acid and bile tolerance test, heamolytic activity. Antimicrobial compound called bacteriocin was partially purified. The Lactobacillus species was identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and specific catalase gene was also amplified. Data showed that Lactobacillus plantarum has a high inhibitory activity, tolerant to bile and acid, highly resistant to many antibiotics. Antimicrobial peptide was partially purified, characterized and bacteriocin produced by L. plantarum remained constant activity after heating at 121oC for 10 min. L. plantarum may be an alternative and promising way for eradicating many diseases. L. plantarum produces antimicrobial metabolites can give reasonable assurance of the control of pathogenic microorganisms. Increase the number of food-poisoning patients, the inhibition of the bacterial growth or production of enterotoxin such as verotoxins by administrating Lactobacilli bacteriocins would be of great importance. Lactobacillus fulfills the basic criteria required for probiotic strains which survive in in-vitro condition. The experimental strain exhibited strong antibacterial and antifungal activities against the pathogens. L. plantarum has high probiotic potential for eradicating many diseases, mainly the suppression of A. flavus which produce Aflatoxin. Pharmaceutical and nutritional industries are exploring more natural treatments for health conscious consumers as natural treatments have been effective.
A. Jayachitra*, C.M. Sukanya and N. Krithiga
Department of Plant Bio-technology, School of Biotechnology, Madurai Kamaraj University 1, Madurai- 6250021, India
20 July, 2012
16 September, 2012
30 October, 2012