COMPARATIVE PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF THE RAW DRUG SOURCES OF PRASARINI USED IN AYURVEDAAbstract
According to classical texts Paederia foetida is used as the genuine source plant of the drug Prasarini, it posses properties like astringent, aphrodisiac, laxative, bitter etc. In Ayurvedic practitioners Merremia tridentata ssp. tridentata and Merremia tridentata ssp. hastata are used as the source plant of this drug. However no conclusive pharmacognostic study of these plants has been performed yet. The present investigation deals with the comparative study of morphological, anatomical, histochemical and phytochemical characters of these three plants. Three plants show similarities and differences between them at morphological, anatomical, histochemical and phytochemical levels. Anatomically these three plants show differences in many characters. But phytochemical studies revealed that these plants show much similarity.b– sitosterol was present in all the three plants but their concentrations shows differences. The parameters used in this study will help to identify the genuine and substitute source plants of the drug prasarini for the preparation of ayurvedic medicines and to ensure the quality of formulations.
K. Sereena, T. P. Girija, Sreekanth Sreedhar & A. B. Rema Shree*
Deputy Project Director, Centre for Medicinal Plants Research (CMPR), Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal – 676503, Malappuram, Kerala, India
21 September, 2011
07 December, 2011
27 December, 2011