COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON THE ANTIOXIDANT, ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND PHYTO-CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF PIPER BETEL LEAVES FROM THE WESTERN GHATS AND NORTHERN REGION OF KARNATAKAAbstract
Our present study aims at analyzing and comparing the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and phytochemical property of betel leaves from two different domains of Karnataka that includes the Western Ghats and the Northern region. Initially, the ethanol extracts of all four samples (two from each domain) were prepared and checked for their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. As a result, the betel leaf extract from the western region showed good antioxidant activity and a significant anti-inflammatory activity when compared with the standard Gallic acid. In connection to this, the phytochemical content such as Alkaloids, Tannins, Flavonoids, and Phenols showed positive in all four extracts, but the quantification studies showed that the extracts from the Western Ghats had a higher quantity of alkaloids and phenols when compared to the samples from northern regions. These results imply that the presence of functionally important groups depends on the composition of the soil in which they grow in. Hence having good biologically important activity in them can prove beneficial for their role towards formulating a cost-effective lead drug from the extracts with no side effects.
P. R. A. Nadig, T. G. Mandira and J. R. Kumar *
Division of Biochemistry, Course coordinator, School of Life Sciences, Department of Water & Health, JSS Academy of Higher Education & Research, Mysuru, Karnataka, India.
27 May 2020
26 February 2021
02 May 2021
01 June 2021