COMPARITIVE EFFECTS OF HORMONAL AND NON HORMONAL CONTRACEPTIVES ON FASTING BLOOD SUGAR LEVELSAbstract
The objective of the current study was to differentiate contraceptives for their effects on carbohydrate metabolism. This is a cross sectional design that was conducted in different clinical settings of urban population who belong to low socio economic status by convenience sampling method. Females representing fertile age ranging from 26 to 32 and maintained on different types of hormonal and non hormonal contraceptives (OC; Oral contraceptives, DMPA; Depo-medroxy progesterone, NET-EN; Norethisterone , Implant and non hormonal intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) are enrolled and invited in 12 hrs fasting to give their blood samples. Fasting blood sugar is analyzed by GOD–PAP method. All the readings were fed on MS- Excel to evaluate mean ± S.D, Comparative effects were represented by percentile differences between different groups. The present study concluded that all hormonal and non hormonal methods posed no deleterious effects on carbohydrate metabolism. These minimized risks may be due to young age and good monitoring of therapy in clinical practices and could be threatening in the areas where these are consumed as OTC drugs or by aged females, very near to their menopause or having other risk factors.
S. Jamil *, S. Fatima, H. Dilshad, H. Khatoon and N. Jawed
Faculty of Pharmacy, Jinnah University for Women, Karachi, Pakistan.
24 December, 2016
15 February, 2017
17 February, 2017
01 July, 2017