COMPREHENSIVE ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEW OF RUDANTI (CAPPARIS MOONII WIGHT)Abstract
Capparis moonii wight is a large woody climber or shrub (locally known as Rudanti) having Rasayana (rejuvenating) actions and it is being used in respiratory diseases like cough, bronchial asthma and pulmonary tuberculosis by ayurvedic physicians. It is one of the drugs which have references for its use from centuries but still not much explored in this contemporary era. The review aims to provide a critical and comprehensive evaluation, from the ancient times to our days, of the ethnological, botanical, chemical and pharmacological aspects of Capparis moonii, with a vision for promoting further pharmaceutical research to explore its complete potential as a therapeutic agent. This study was performed by reviewing in extensive details the studies on historical significance and ethnopharmacological applications of Capparis moonii by using classical ayurvedic texts, international scientific databases, books, etc. In addition, the plant taxonomy was validated using certified databases such as Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) and the plant list. A detailed comparative analysis of the available sources for Capparis moonii wight confirmed that fruits of Capparis moonii are absolutely safe with rich source of biologically active components like rutin and quercitin with no toxicity. It has hepatoprotective, insulinomimetic, anti-ulcer, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activities. Moreover immunomodulatory and antioxidant properties make it highly beneficial to use this herb in under nutrition and emaciating patients. We believe that this review will help lay the foundation for promoting exhaustive clinical studies to validate its reported activities.
L. Nagar *, R. Lamo and K. N. Dwivedi
Department of Dravyaguna, Faculty of Ayurveda IMS, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
23 April 2019
08 August 2019
01 September 2019
01 February 2020