CORRELATION OF ANKLE/BRACHIAL INDEX AND DIABETIC RETINOPATHY IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS’Abstract
Background: This study aims to correlate the ankle/brachial index (ABI) with the severity of diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetic patients. Material and Methods: A hospital-based prospective study of 100 types 2 diabetic patients aged 40 to 80 years were recruited from the outpatient department. Ankle/brachial index scores and the presence and stage of diabetic retinopathy were assessed and analyzed. Results: Significant associations between abnormal ABI score and severe diabetic retinopathy (p<0.05) was found. Conclusion: Patients with abnormal ankle/brachial index were more likely to have severe diabetic retinopathy and were at increased risk of losing their sight, mandating fundus evaluation in such cases for timely intervention to safeguard the vision of the patient.