DESIGN EXPERT SOFTWARE ASSISTED DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF CEFPODOXIME PROXETIL MATRIX TABLETAbstract
Cefpodoxime Proxetil is third generation, broad-spectrum Cephalosporin Antibiotic & it has an oral bioavailability of only 50% and biological half life 2 h so to improve it’s bioavailability sustain release matrix formulation was designed. Sustained release matrix tablets of Cefpodoxime Proxetil prepared by direct compression method based on combination of natural Acacia gum & Karaya gum polymers. 32 full factorial designs optimization study was carried out by using Design Expert Software to find the effect of independent variables, i.e., Acacia gum (X1) and Karaya gum (X2) concentration on dependent variables i.e., Hardness & % CDR. The drug excipient mixtures were subjected to preformulation studies. The tablets were subjected to physicochemical studies, in-vitro drug release, kinetic studies and stability studies. FTIR and DSC studies shown there was no interaction between drug and polymers. Matrix tablet of Cefpodoxime Proxetil were formulated well in term of hardness 5.07 ± 0. 5.93 ± 0.03 kg/cm2, thickness 2.25 ± 0.1 mm to 3.33 ± 0.3 mm, weight variation were within limits. In-vitro release studies show that almost 90 % of drug was release from all the formulation were within 12 h. Formulation F5 selected as a optimized one since it showed optimum hardness & sustained drug release within 12 h in comparison to other formulation. The F5 optimized formulations were subjected to stability studies and shown there were no significant changes in drug content, physicochemical parameters and release pattern. 32 full factorial design optimization technique was successfully used in this research work. Developed matrix tablets of Cefpodoxime Proxetil produced a sustained and effective drug release over a prolonged time frame that led to greater therapeutic efficacy.
N. S. Siraj *, M. S. Ismail, G. J. Khan, S. H. M. Athar and R. L. Jadhav
Department of Pharmaceutics, Ali Allana College of Pharmacy Akkalkuwa, Nandurbar, Maharashtra, India.
19 December 2019
27 February 2020
30 March 2020
01 May 2020