DYSMENORRHOEA: PREVALENCE, IMPACT AND KNOWLEDGE ASPECT OF TREATMENT IN FEMALES OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITALAbstract
Objectives: To describe the prevalence, severity, impact and treatment aspects of dysmenorrhoea in females of reproductive age group in tertiary care teaching hospital. Material and Methods: This was a questionnaire based survey type study. Detail information regarding demographic profile, menstrual history and dysmenorrhoea was analysed. Severity of dysmenorrhoea was evaluated by a Menstrual Distress questionnaire (MDS). Visual analogue scale (VASP) was used to measure pain. Analysis was done by mean, SD and Chi square. Results: Out of 350 females, 198 (56.57%) females had dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhoea was observed more common in unmarried females (93.43%) and in age group of 15-19 year (48.28%). Regularity of menstrual cycle had no statistically significant association with dysmenorrhea. Most common domain of MDS score was Pain (92.93%) followed by Negative affect (71.71%), Behavioural change (61.11%) and concentration (54.54%). By VAS score, severity of pain was mild to moderate in majority of females (82.33%). Only 27.78% females had taken treatment. Conclusion: Dysmenorrhea is a very common problem and affects quality of life in reproductive aged females. Dysmenorrhea will require the attention and can be better managed by appropriate change in lifestyle, assurance and medicine.
Parul A. Patel *, Bharti N. Karelia and Kiran G. Piparva
Pharmacology Department, P.D.U. Govt. Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
26 May, 2016
25 June, 2016
03 October, 2016
01 November, 2016