EFFECT OF HUMIC AND SALICYLIC ACIDS ON OIL YIELD AND FLAVONOID GLYCOSIDE OF SAFFLOWERS (CARTHAMUS TINCTORIUS L.) AS MEDICINAL PLANTS GROWN IN IRAQAbstract
This study was conducted to investigation the effect of humic acid and salicylic on oil yield and flavonoids glycoside of safflower plant (Carthamus tinctorius L.) grown in Iraq. After soil preparation the plant seeds were cultivated during winter growing seeds at 2015-2017 at Karbala region, South Baghdad in Iraq. The humic acid was applied at 1000, 2000 and 4000 mg/lit conception as organic flower fertilizes while the application of salicylic acid was used 50, 100 and 200 mg/lit. Twister application of bath humic and salicylic acids were done at vegetable growth stage all treatment were arranged by according randomized complete block design (RCBD) flower leaves or petals ethylic extract was done by used Soxhlet apparatus, the use HPLC his prefect liquid climter to determine the type and concentration of Pt flavonoids glycoside. Also the seed oil was obtained by expression mthai. The redaction were infeed to the S2 F3 treatment (100 mgl-1 of salicylic acid with 400 mgL-1 of humic acid) was gave height value of oil yield and reached to 20 – 20 kg ha-1, the results are chromatoryted by HPLC were referred to petals safflowers were contain different flavonoids glycoside such as quercetin, salicylic yellow apigenin and kaempferol.