EFFECT OF SATWA FROM THREE TINOSPORA SPECIES ON LIPID METABOLISM AND INFLAMMATORY MARKERS IN ACETAMINOPHEN AND ALCOHOL-INDUCED HEPATO-TOXICITY IN RATSAbstract
To investigate the possible protective effects of satwa from three Tinospora species against acetaminophen and alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Male albino wistar rats were divided into six groups (n=6); healthy control, negative control (Acetaminophen 1000mg/kg b.w./day, p.o. or 30%; alcohol 1ml/100g b.w./day, p.o.), positive control (Silymarin; 100mg/kg b.w./day, p.o.), Treatment 1 (Tinospora cordifolia satwa; 200mg/kg b.w/day p.o.), Treatment 2 (Tinospora sinensis satwa; 200mg/kg b.w/day, p.o.) and Treatment 3 (Neem-giloe satwa; 200mg/kg b.w/day., p.o.). Liver injury in the rats was induced by repeated dosing of acetaminophen or alcohol for 15 days. Expression analysis of fatty acid-binding protein 1 (FABP1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ), sterolregulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1), nuclear factor-kappa β (NF-κβ) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) genes from liver were assayed by a semi-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Expressions of FABP1, PPARγ were downregulated while SREBP1, NF-κβ and TNF-α were upregulated in negative control. Treatment with Neem-giloe satwa upregulated the expression of FABP1 and down-regulated the expression of NF-κβ, SREBP1, TNF-α as compared to acetaminophen treated rats. Treatment with T. sinensis satwa upregulated the expression of FABP1 and PPARγ while the expression of NF-κβ and TNF-α was down-regulated as compared to alcohol-treated rats. These results suggest that the satwa from three Tinospora species exhibit different protective effects of the transcription factors and genes (inflammatory and lipid metabolism pathways). The formulation or combination of satwa may boost hepatoprotective actions can potentially be an effective liver tonic in animals.
T. C. Chavan *, A. A. Ghadge and A. A. Kuvalekar
Nutrigenomics and Functional Foods Laboratory IRSHA, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
10 September 2019
04 February 2020
09 March 2020
01 August 2020