EFFECT OF TEMPERATURES ON STRUCTURAL, MORPHOLOGICAL AND BIO-PROPERTIES OF ZINC FERRITE NANOPARTICLESAbstract
Zinc Ferrite nanoparticles were prepared by chemical co-precipitation method, using PEG as the capping agent. The synthesized materials were annealed at different temperatures such as 400, 500, 600, 700 and 800 °C and the structural characterization studies were conducted by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR), UV-Visible Spectro-scopy and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM). On heat treatment of the as prepared samples, crystallite size was observed to increase from 5 nm-22 nm. XRD pattern confirmed the single crystalline phase of developed particles. It was observed that the particle size and X-ray density of the annealed ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles linearly increased with increase in annealing temperature and decrease in lattice parameters. The calculated micro strain values were found to be decreasing with increasing annealing temperatures. The nanoparticle size was confirmed using SEM measurements. Furthermore FTIR mapping confirmed the presence of ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles. The calculated band gap (Eg) of zinc ferrite nanoparticles decreases with increase in temperature. The antibacterial activity of ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles was studied against gram negative E-coli pathogenic bacteria. DPPH assay was used to determine the antioxidant activity of the compound. In-vitro anticancer activity was screened by MTT assay against MCF-7 (Human breast adenocarcinoma) cell and A549 (Lung Cancer) cell line. It was observed that the increase in particle size and annealing temperature influence the inhibition rate of these bio properties. The investigation points out that ZnFe2O4 nanoparticle possess less viability with increase in concentration towards MCF-7 cell than A549 cell.
B. Jyothish and J. Jacob *
Department of Physics, University of Kerala, Mar Ivanios College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.
18 February 2019
28 March 2019
17 April 2019
01 December 2020