EVALUATION OF ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY AND DETERMINATION OF TOTAL FLAVONOIDS AND TANNIN CONTENTS OF LAGENARIA SICERARIA ROOTAbstract
The crude ethanolic extract of the root of Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley (Family: Cucurbitaceae), was evaluated for its possible anti-inflammatory activity and determination of total flavonoids and tannin contents growing in Bangladesh. The anti-inflammatory activity was studied using carrageenan and histamine-induced rat paw edema test at different doses (200 and 400 mg/kg body weight) of the ethanol extract. At the dose of 400 mg/kg body weight, the extract showed a significant anti-inflammatory activity both in the carrageenan and histamine-induced oedema test models in rats showing 59.57% and 58.86% reduction in the paw volume comparable (P<0.01) to that produced by the standard drug indomethacin (63.12% and 66.45%) at 4h respectively. The percentage inhibition of the oedema paw volume by the 400 mg/kg body weight of the extract was also statistically significant (P<0.05; P<0.01) compared favorably with the indomethacin treated animals at 1, 2 and 3 h in both models. The total flavonoids and tannins content were calculated as quite high in ethanolic extract (244.29 mg/g of quercetin equivalent and 84.59 mg of tannic acid equivalent respectively). Acute toxicity test showed that the plant might be safe for pharmacological uses. Therefore, the obtained results tend to suggest the acute anti-inflammatory activity as well as total flavonoids and tannin contents from the ethanolic extract of the root of Lagenaria siceraria and thus provide the scientific basis for the traditional uses of this plant part as a remedy for pain and inflammations.
Hemayet Hossain*, A.F.M Shahid-Ud-Daula, Ismet Ara Jahan, Ishrat Nimmi, K. M. Rahat Maruf and Md. Musfizur Hassan
Senior Scientific Officer, Chemical Research Division, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka-1205, Bangladesh
07 April, 2012
10 May, 2012
29 July, 2012
01 August, 2012