EVALUATION OF ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY OF HYDRO ALCOHOLIC EXTRACT OF CHRYSOPHYLLUM CAINITO FRUITSAbstract
Anti-diabetic activity of hydro-alcoholic extract of Chrysophyllum cainito frutis (CCE) was investigated against experimentally induced diabetics in rats using alloxan and streptozotocin (STZ). Acute toxicity study was performed and hydro-alcoholic extract of CCE was found to be safe at a dose of 2000 mg/kg bodyweight. Two doses 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg b.w p.o. of the CCE were subjected for the evaluation of anti-diabetic activity against the diabetic induced by alloxan (100 mg/kg, i.p) and STZ (50 mg/kg, i.p) in rats. Glibenclamide (5 mg/kg p.o) was served as standard in both the models. Fasting blood glucose, serum total cholesterol, serum triglycerides, lipid profile (HDL and LDL) and histopathology were evaluated in the study. Both the lower (200 mg/kg) and higher dose (400 mg/kg) of CCE showed a dose dependent significant decrease in blood glucose level, triglyceride, cholesterol levels and LDL and an increase in HDL in the treated diabetic rats when compared with diabetic control. Histopathology of pancreas showed regeneration of β-cells in extract treated diabetic rats. The results obtained were comparable with that of the standard drug Glibenclamide. The present study concluded that Chrysophyllum cainito fruits were found to be effective plant against alloxan and streptozotocin induced diabetes and also help in preservation of islet cells.
Karunakar Hegde *, AP Arathi and Anupama Mathew
Department of Pharmacology, Srinivas College of Pharmacy, Valachil, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
26 May, 2016
21 July, 2016
13 September, 2016
01 November, 2016