EVALUATION OF ANTIDIABETIC POTENTIAL OF KANDELIA CANDEL AND RHIZOPHORA APICULATA- AN IN VITRO APPROACHAbstract
Objective of the present work was to evaluating the antidiabetic property of Kandelia candel and Rhizophora apiculata extracts by using in vitro assays. The serial exhaustive extraction was carried out with a series of solvents: chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol, ethanol and water with increasing polarity using Soxhlet apparatus. The concentrated and dried extracts were evaluated for antidiabetic activity by employing standard in vitro techniques (Alpha-amylase and glucose uptake assay using yeast model). In vitro antidiabetic studies show that in case of Kandelia candel methanol extract showed higher antidiabetic activity where as incase of Rhizophora apiculata aqueous extract exhibited significant activity when compared to other solvent extracts. Results confirm that aqueous extract of Rhizophora apiculata exhibited highest antidiabetic activity among all extracts. This study provides scientific evidence that the leaves of Kandelia candel and Rhizophora apiculata have anti-diabetic efficacy. However further comprehensive chemical and pharmacological investigation should be carried out to isolate the active compounds and appropriate elucidation of its mechanism of action and it helps in the development of new pharmaceuticals to treat Diabetes mellitus.
Arun Kashivishwanath Shettar and Ankala Basappa Vedamurthy *
PG Department of Studies in Biotechnology and Microbiology, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
24 November, 2016
11 January, 2017
14 January, 2017
01 June, 2017