EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL POTENTIAL OF BAUHINIA BLAKEANA FLOWERSAbstract
In this study, the phytochemicals and their antimicrobial potential of flowers of Bauhinia blakeana of Fabaceae Family were evaluated. The selected microbes for the antimicrobial study were E. coli, Enterobacter sp., Proteus sp., and Klebsiella sp. Ethanolic extract was prepared by continuous hot percolation method using Soxhlet extractor, and Antimicrobial activity was tested by Agar well diffusion method using Streptomycin as reference. The phytochemicals present in Bauhinia blakeana flowers were screened by standard method. The phytochemical evaluation revealed the presence of Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Glycosides, Terpenoids, Anthocyanins, Phytosterols, Tannins, Carbohydrates, Saponins, and Phenols. Among the phytochemicals, the Alkaloids and Flavonoids were showed strong results in the phytochemical screening. The Antimicrobial investigation revealed the extract of the flower showing significant Antimicrobial potential against the selected microbes. It showed maximum mean zone of inhibition of 12mm against Klebsiella sp. and a minimum of 7mm against Enterobacter sp. Further research on this plant flowers is to be emphasized.
D. V. S. Elezabeth and P. Ramachandran *
PG & Research Department of Chemistry, Nehru Memorial College, Puthanampatti , Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
14 March 2014
13 June 2014
01 July 2014
01 September 2014