EVALUATION OF ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF OCIMUM CANUM IN PREVENTION OF RENAL ISCHEMIAAbstract
The ethanolic extracts of aerial part of Ocimum canum (OC) were studied for its antioxidant activity and its role to prevent renal ischemia. The in vitro antioxidant models used were DPPH radical scavenging activity, Hydroxyl peroxide radical scavenging method, reducing power assay & FRAP assay. The study was carried out at different concentration (250, 500, 1000, 2000 µg/ml). Further, the antioxidant activity was studied by using in vivo method to prove its potency in preventing ischemia by incorporating renal ischemia/reperfusion model in Wistar albino rats. The animals were divided into four different groups of six rats in each group. Group-1 was served as Control and received oral saline only once daily for 28 days. Group-2 received (oral saline + RI). Group 3 received Ocimum canum ethanolic leaf extract 300mg/kg bwt dose orally for 28 days, Group-4 were pretreated with Ocimum canum ethanolic leaf extract an oral dose of 100mg/kg bwt for 28 days. After the experimental period all rats were sacrificed and antioxidant defense system and oxidative stress in renal tissue was investigated by histopathological study. The significant results were obtained for all in vitro models and in vivo models. A significant increase in levels of Super Oxide Dismutase (SOD), & decrease of Malondialdehyde (MDA) was found in rats of Group-4 when compared with control. The results of present study indicate that the ethanolic leaf extract of Ocimum canum has significant antioxidant activity and can prevent renal ischemia.
Jyotirmoy D. Choudhury*, Deepika Sharma , Vivek Mayank , Saiprasanna Behera , Suhail Hamid
Department of Pharmacology, Royal College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Brahmapur-760002, Odisha, India
14 May, 2012
06 June, 2012
25 August, 2012
01 September, 2012