EVALUATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL, ANTIMICROBIAL, IN-VITRO ANTIOXIDANT & ANTI-INFLAMMATORY STUDY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF RAPHANUS SATIVUS FRUITAbstract
Raphanus sativus L, belongs to the family Brassicaceae. Phytochemical analysis of its methanolic root extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, tannin, phenolic compounds, triterpenoids and steroids. The antimicrobial activities and in-vitro Pharmacological activities like Antioxidant Activity and Anti-inflammatory activity of the root extract was assessed. Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) causes various diseases and cellular anomalies in human beings. Antioxidants inhibit generation of reactive species, or scavenge them, or raise the levels of endogenous antioxidant defenses. In this study the radical scavenging ability different extracts of Raphanus sativus L. was undertaken. Results revealed that the root of Raphanus sativus L. has potent antioxidant ability. A good correlation was found to exist between concentration of extract and % inhibition of protein denaturation and free radicle damage. From different literature reports, root extract was found to be more potent antioxidant than the other parts of the plant. The extract had shown significant anti-bacterial activity against bacterium like Lactobacillus, Streptococcus aureus, Escherichia coli against standard Tetracycline by the determination of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration and Zone of Inhibition. The protein denaturation study reveals potent anti-inflammatory activity by significant reduction in turbidity. Thus, radish root extract has proved to be considered as an effective medicinal herb for both of its Anti-microbial and Pharmacological properties.
S. Saha *, A. S. Afroz, A. Dey and S. Paul
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, JIS University, Agarpara, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
17 April 2023
21 May 2023
31 May 2023
01 November 2023