EVALUATION OF PREVALENCE, KAP AND PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF DRUGS TO TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS AND ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS AMONG THE NON-DIABETIC PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN SOUTHERN KERALAAbstract
A prospective, observational study was conducted among the 100 diabetic and 100 non-diabetic patients for a period of six months for the evaluation of prevalence, KAP (Knowledge, Attitude and Practice) and prescribing pattern of drugs to type 2 diabetic patients and to assess the risk factors of prevalence of diabetes among the non-diabetic patients. All information relevant to the study was collected from case records and by direct interview method. The data collected was analyzed by using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) version 17.0 software. The results showed that, majority of the patients were male, above 61 years age, literates, free from smoking and alcohol habits, had medium physical activity, family history of diabetes and had at least one co existing illness mainly hyper tension. Oral hypoglycaemics and anti-hypertensives were mainly prescribed. After counseling the KAP was improved significantly. Majority of the non-diabetic patients were male, 26 % had less than 35 years age, mainly non-vegetarian. The results showed that age and BMI with the risk had a significant association. From this study it was clear that public health programs involving educational interventions and behavioral changes are necessary for better control and management of this disease.
J. Mundiyankal, V. M. Baby and C. D. S. Selvin*
Sreekrishna College of Pharmacy and Research Centre, Parassala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.
20 May, 2017
03 November, 2017
16 November, 2017
01 February, 2018