EXPLORING THE DIVERSITY OF ENTEROPATHOGENS IN NEONATESAbstract
Diarrhea alters the movement of ions and water that follows an osmotic gradient and leads to Loose, watery stools, abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, fever, bloating, blood, and mucus in the stool. Numerous critical cases have been observed in both infants and adults. The main objective of this study is based on an exploration of risk factors of diarrheal infection caused in neonates by entering pathogenic Bactria. The enteric infections responsible for diarrhea are the major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, while 2–4 billion cases of diarrheal infections in infants occur worldwide every year. The major microbes associated with diarrheal infection belong to all the major groups, including viruses, bacteria and protozoans. Amongst various pathogenic factors, preferred bacterial pathogens have been considered as classical organisms for the study of diarrhea viz the strains of Escherichia coli for ion absorption mechanisms, Clostridium difficile and Shigella spp. as inflammatory diarrhea and Vibrio cholera for secretory diarrhea. The current study is focused on the members of Enterobacteriaceae, including the strain of E. coli O157: H7 (enterohemorrhagic). In the current investigation, 35 fecal samples were collected from hospitals belonging to diverse age groups and various biochemical tests were performed to analyze the pathogen city and property of isolates.
S. Pal, K. K. Mishra, D. C. Sharma and D. K. Sharma *
Department of Microbiology, Mewar University, Mewar, Rajasthan, India.
07 December 2021
17 January 2022
28 April 2022
01 August 2022