FLOWERS – THE NOBLE ROLE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL, PLENTIFUL, BUT NEGLECTED BIO-RESOURCE IN INDIAAbstract
The Greek words “angeion” (vessel) and “sperma” (seed) constitute angiosperm which together define enclosed seeds. The angiosperms differ from closely related gymnosperms in seed being naked and not enclosed within a fruit. Moreover, angiosperms are distinguished plants having colorful flowers. Having originated about 130 million years ago, the flowering plants are more diverse and largest among the prominent vegetation. While pteridosperms have been proposed as ancestors of angiosperms, they are the youngest and most recent group of plants having controversies over their origin and are still a hot topic of debate for botanists. Our present investigation is focused on valuing and conserving our beautiful but neglected bioresource that gets blown away or wiped out instead of conservation. From high mountain peaks to sea level and from desert to freshwater, almost all habitats are acquired by flowering plants. The present review signifies the importance of flowering plants in different medicinal aspects. The present literature reveals how researchers have worked on different concepts of flowering plants using petals of flowers as bacterial and fungal proneness is more using leaves, stem and roots The bioactive phytochemicals present in flowers can act as neurotransmitters, hormones, ligands or endogenous metabolites which in turn can be used as plant defense mechanism.
Neeharika Singh, Nancy Choudhary, Sunita Khatak * and Meenu Rathi
Department of Biotechnology, University Institute of Engineering & Technology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India.
20 September 2021
11 November 2022
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01 July 2022