FORMULATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A TRADITIONAL UNANI FORMULATION: KUSHTA QALAIAbstract
Kushta literally means burning of drugs of metallic, mineral or animal origin into their ash. Qalai (tin) based Unani compound formulation Kushta qalai (KQ) is used since antiquity for the treatment of various ailments. Although it is used on consistent basis by Hakims but at present there are no scientific data available about its quality control parameters. So, in this research article an emphasis is given on preparation and physicochemical assessment of KQ using classical as well as modern scientific parameters with an eye towards its standardization. In finished product floating test, grain floating test, thumb finger test and fineness test were positive. The mean value of bulk density and tapped density were 1.32±0.00gm/ml and 2.24±0.02gm/ml respectively. Hausner’s Ratio and Compressibility Index were 1.77±0.02 and 44.15±0.86% respectively. pH in 1% and 10% solution were 10.47±0.00 and 11.17±0.02 respectively. Loss of weight on drying was 0.019±0.00%. Total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash and water insoluble ash were 96.47±0.07%, 36.87±0.06%, 5.1±0.10% and 91.64±0.20% respectively. The water soluble extractive value was 0.34±0.00%. The results obtained might be treated as standard for future references.
Mohd. Tariq*, Khaleequr Rahman , Shahid Shah Chaudhary and Shaikh Imtiyaz
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