GC-MS ANALYSIS OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF CLEOME BURMANNI W. & A. (CLEOMACEAE)Abstract
Plants are rich sources of chemical compounds of high therapeutic value and screening plants for such bioactive compounds is the order of the day. First and foremost, it appears sensible to probe into the chemical reserves of abundantly available but rarely studied plants. The present study was carried out to determine the presence of phytochemicals in a common roadside weed, Cleome burmanni using Gas Chromatography- Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The mass spectrum of the crude methanol extract was compared with the available library sources (NIST08 LIB, WILEY8 LIB). GC-MS analysis of the methanol extract of C. burmanni revealed the presence of 24 compounds. The compounds along with their retention time, molecular weight, molecular formula and peak area have been recorded. Cholest-4-en-3-one (19.05%) was the major compound detected followed by Urs-12-en-28-al (17.98%), Lup-20(29)-en-3-one (14.87%), 1-(1-Butynyl) cyclopentanol (13.47%) and 4, 22-stigmastadiene-3-one (10.77%). Remaining 19 compounds were detected in low quantities. Almost all the constituents were reported to possess specific biological functions.
Lakshmi S. Pillai * and Bindu R. Nair
Department of Botany, NSS College, Pandalam, Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India.
02 October 2020
07 February 2021
24 May 2021
01 September 2021