GC-MS AND FT-IR ANALYSIS OF METHANOL FRUIT EXTRACT OF FICUS RACEMOSA AND FICUS AURICULATAAbstract
The fruits of the plant Ficus racemosa and Ficus auriculata are consumed as a wild edible fruit and have also been used extensively in traditional medicine to treat various illnesses ranging from diarrhea, dysentery, jaundice to diabetes, piles, asthma, and urinary diseases. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectro-metry (GC-MS) analysis of methanol extract of the fruits was carried out to identify the possible bioactive compounds. The major constituents identified in F. racemosa were 9, 12, 15-octadecatrienoic acid (z,z,z)- (14.323%); (z)6,(z)9-pentadecadien-1-ol (10.190%); Resorcinol (5.613%); n-hexadecanoic acid (2.965%) and Chloroacetic acid, dodec-9-ynyl ester (0.659%). The compounds like 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid, (Z,Z,Z)- (58.216%); L-(+)-Ascorbic acid 2,6-dihexadecanoate (5.459%); Geranylgeraniol (0.432%); 9,12-Octadecadienoyl chloride, (Z,Z)- (0.151%) and 2H- Benzo [f]oxireno [2, 3-E] benzofuran-8 (9H)-one, 9-[[[2-(dimethyl-amino) ethyl]amino]methyl]octahydro-2,5a-dimethyl- (0.132%) were identified in F. auriculata. The Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis indicated the presence of N-H, O-H, C=C, C=O, C-H, C-O, S=O, C-N, and N-O functional groups. The results confirm the presence of bioactive components, which are known to exhibit medicinal value as well as pharmacological activities.