GC-MS AND FT-IR ANALYSIS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF A MARINE CNIDARIAN ZOANTHUS SANSIBARICUS IN SEARCH OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDSAbstract
Present study was aimed to search bioactive functional groups and compounds in the whole animal extract of a marine cnidarians Zoanthus sansibaricus by FT-IR and GC-MS. The methanol extract was used to detect bioactive functional groups and compounds. GC-MS of the animal extract was done, and FTIR analysis was thereafter used to identify the functional groups. The bioactive components were identified based on peak values in the region of infrared radiation. Results of GC-MS revealed eight major compounds like Undecane (13.16%), 2,6-Diisopropylnaphthalene (3.47%), Cyclohexasiloxane, dodecamethyl (6.33%), 6, 11-Undecadiene, 1-acetoxy-3, 7-dimethyl (2.84%), n-Hexadecanoic acid (19.91%), Triphenylphosphine oxide (4.34%), beta. -Sitosterol acetate (43.32%) and Dihydroartemisinin,6-deshydro-5-deshydroxin (6.64%). These are bioactive compounds may act as antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant agents. FT-IR analysis results also indicated the presence of functional groups like N-H (amide group), O-H (carboxylic acid and alcohol), C-H (carboxylic acid and alkanes), and C-F (alkyl halide group) in the compounds.