HISTOARCHITECTURE AND BIOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF EPIDIDYMIS IN MALE RATS INDUCED BY AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF JUSSIAEA REPENS LAbstract
Different herbal Plants are used globally for safe and natural source of medicine from ancient ages. Jussiaea repens L, is a medicinal herb that has been reported to have non toxic antigonadal activity, which reduced the sperm count, motility, viability and morphological alteration of spermatozoa in rats. It also alters histoarchitechture vis-à-vis functions of testicular tissues by altering the biochemical and hormonal profile. The present study was designed to evaluate whether J.repens crude aqueous extract treatment affects the histoarchitecture of epididymis and its biochemical alterations which are correlated with sperm maturation, as the relationship between spermatozoa and microenviroimient of epididymis during the sperms remain in it, is important for male fertility. Adult male albino rats were fed crude aqueous extract of Jussiaea repens at the dose of 200mg/kg b.wt /day for 28 days consecutively, which caused significant reduction in epididymal sialic acid, glycogen, phospholipid, GSH, and testosterone level. But no change in total lipid and MDA level. Histological studies of epididymis showed the epithelial lining and basement membrane was thin and disrupted, the luminal diameter, epithelial height and nuclear diameter significantly reduced in treated group compare to control. So, from these studies it may be concluded that JR extract altering the hormone and bio-molecular level which was reflected on histological alteration of epididymal tissue including spermatozoa and microenvironment during their sperm remain in the epididymis leads to infertility and all the effects were reversible on withdrawal of treatment.
Subhasish Ghosal, Indrani Chakraborty and Nirmal Kr Pradhan *
P.G Department of Physiology, Hooghly Mohsin College, West Bengal, India.
19 December, 2015
04 February, 2016
13 February, 2016
01 May 2016