IDENTIFICATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF POTENTIAL BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM SEAWEED OF CHAMPIA COMPRESSAAbstract
The present investigation was carried out to analyze the bioactive metabolites of red seaweed Champia compressa collected from Mandapam, Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu, India. The collected sample was evaluated for qualitative and quantitative phytochemical screening analysis using five different solvents methods. The preliminary qualitative analysis of Champia compressa solvent extracts revealed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, steroids, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, coumarins, alkaloids, saponins, and phenols. Further quantitative phytochemical analysis was performed using standard procedures that revealed the presence of the highest phenol content (506.67 mg GAE/g) found in aqueous extract and the lowest in chloroform extract (8.33 mg GAE/g). Similarly, alkaloid content (34.09 mg AE/g) was highest in ethyl acetate extract and lowest (15 mg AE/g) in aqueous extract. The highest steroid content (85.88 mg BSE/g) was observed in hexane extract, whereas the lowest (3.69 mg BSE/g) in chloroform extract, however terpenoid (30.25 mg LE/g) was higher in methanolic extract, and the least (3.38 mg LE/g) found in aqueous extract respectively. The FTIR characterization represents the functional groups of fourteen major peaks and sixteen bioactive compounds observed from the GC-MS spectrum from the methanolic extract. Hence these results confirmed the presence of potentially bioactive compounds of Champia compressa possibly used to develop novel drugs for treating various diseases.
M. Shantha and A. Arockia Jenecius Alphonse *
Department of Botany, St. Mary’s College (Autonomous), Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India.
29 May 2022
19 July 2022
03 August 2022
01 February 2023