IDENTIFICATION OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM RHIZOPHORA MUCRONATA METHANOLIC LEAF EXTRACT BY GC-MS ANALYSISAbstract
Herbal medicines play an important role in cancer prevention. Mangroves have been used worldwide due to the presence of various bioactive metabolites in it. The specific medicinal properties of Rhizophora mucronata have been an interest in preventing breast cancer. Mangroves Rhizophora mucronata belongs to family Rhizophoraceae. The leaf extract reveals various roles in folk remedies to treat various diseases. This analytical study aims to find out various phytochemical and components present in the leaf extract by the GC-MS technique. The methanol leaf extract revealed the presence of phytochemicals like saponins, flavonoids, alkaloids, quinines, glycosides, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, phenols, coumarins, and steroids. The GC-MS analysis provided nine different compounds like Phenol, 2, 4-bis (1,1-dimethyl ethyl)- (28.2%), Flavone- (66.9%), 4H-1-benz0pyran-4-one,7-hydroxy-2phenyl (39.8%), Chrysin (100%), 4H-1 Benzopyram-4-one, 7-hydroxy-2-phenyl-(100%), 5,8 Octadecadienoicacid, methyl ester-(55.8%), Phytol- (31.8%), Coumarine, 3-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-(31.3%), Elaidic acid, isopropyl ester-(9.2%). Further purified compounds are used in the pharmacological industry against breast cancer and reduce the side effects and pains during the treatment of cancer.
X. A. Mary *, M. S. Ali, V. Anuradha and M. Moorthi
Post Graduate & Research Department of Biotechnology, Mohamed Sathak College of Arts & Science, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
26 September 2019
23 March 2020
31 July 2020
01 September 2020