IMPACT OF BIOGAS AS PREDISPOSING FACTORS UPON BRONCHIAL ASTHMA (BA) AND CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISORDER (COPD) AMONG HOUSEWIVESAbstract
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of the modifiable risk factors like prolonged kitchen stay, dietary pattern, cooking methods in outpatient (Housewives) bronchial asthma (BA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD). This prospective observational study was carried out in Pulmonary Medicine Department in a Multispecialty Tertiary Care Hospital in Kerala, India. A total of 126 [BA (72) and COPD (54)] patients enrolled into the study as per global initiative for lung diseases (GOLD) standards. Hemoglobin concentration was measured by Sahli’s method. Predisposing factors for bronchial asthma (BA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) were monitored from the patient’s ecology. The univariate analysis showed a significant association between smoke exposure in kitchen and incidence of COPD and BA (P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed the results demonstrated that risk for COPD group was significantly higher compared with BA group (P<0.05). Independent sample‘t’ test showed significant more time where BA patients stayed in the kitchen (P<0.05). The group that exposed to kitchen smoke more than 500 min per day was four times higher (P<0.05) than that in other groups with kitchen exposure less than 200 min. The study had found positive associations with potentially predisposing modifiable risk factors with BA and COPD female patients. The exposure to kitchen smoke was related to the intensity of diseases; might be common in the rural and urban population. The study results lead to the importance of providing health-related education on kitchen smoke, biomass with the existence of diseases.
J. S.Prasad, P. R. V. Anand *, A. Supriya, G. Alex and T. Abhilash
Department of Pharmacy, Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Ooty, Tamil Nadu, India.
07 November 2018
24 December 2017
30 December 2018
01 January 2019