IN-VITRO ANTHELMINTIC EFFECT OF CAPPARIS DECIDUA (KAIR) ON TEGUMENT OF GASTROTHYLAX CRUMENIFER IN GOAT BY LIGHT MICROSCOPYAbstract
Paramphistomiasis is the major problems in the yield of goat and human health. This disease causes loss of life of goat, reduce meat and milk production. The medicinal plant Capparis decidua has been used in the treatment of asthma, cough and inflammation. This plant also shows anthelmintic activity. Live amphistome Gastrothylax crumenifer were collected from the rumen of the freshly slaughtered goats at local meat market of Chittorgarh. Amphistomes Gastrothylax crumenifer was maintained in 0.9% physiological saline and divided into four groups; first group used for identification, second group as control or untreated, third group for treatment with Capparis decidua and fourth group for treatment with synthetic drug albendazole. The histological study of treated and control tegument of Gastrothylax crumenifer was observed by light microscopy. Extract of Capparis decidua caused many topographical changes in Gastrothylax crumenifer like discontinuation, distortion, peeling and damaging cells, vacuolization and deformation in the muscles fiber, found blebblings in tegument. Albendazole is less effective than alcoholic extract of Capparis decidua (Kair). This study suggests the potential role of fruit extract of Capparis decidua (Kair) as an Anthelmintic activity against Gastrothylax crumenifer.
Gayatri Swarnakar * and Babita Jogpal
Department of Zoology, Government P. G. Meera Girls College, M. L. S. University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
22 November 2021
28 December 2021
17 January 2022
01 February 2022