ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PHYTOSTEROLS FROM DIEFFENBACHIA AMOENA LEAF EXTRACTAbstract
Dieffenbachia amoena is a house plant and known dumb cane. The study was performed based on isolation and structure elucidation of phytosterols from the extract of this plant. The CH3OH crude extract was loaded over the silica gel (60-120 mesh) column, using the stepwise gradient C6H6, CH3OAc, CH3OH. The fractions were further purified by preparative TLC (GF254) to yield compound (1). Compound (1) was characterized by using various standard spectroscopic techniques such as IR, 1HNMR, 13CNMR, DEPT-135, COSY, HSQC and HMBC. Based on the spectral analysis, it was confirmed that the compound (1) was a mixture of β-sitosterol and stigmasterol. Phytosterols have high medicinal importance and play a vital role in reducing blood cholesterol, a high level of blood cholesterol can cause a risk of cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease is the main problem of the whole world and increasing day by day. We have isolated β-sitosterol and stigmasterol first time from the leaves of the Dieffenbachia amoena plant.
M. Rehan, Shafiullah * and O. Singh
Department of Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.
16 July 2019
26 November 2019
29 February 2020
01 June 2020