MENINGITIS CAUSED BY STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE: A REVIEWAbstract
Meningitis is a condition whereby the protective membranes covering the central nervous system (or meninges) become inflamed. Infections of the central nervous system are still considered to be among the most debilitating diseases in the 21st century. The mortality from this infection ranges from 15% in industrialized to 40% in developing countries. Streptococcus Pneumoniae infections, including pneumococcal meningitis, are therefore likely to remain an important health issue. Pneumococcal meningitis in human beings is associated with long-term sequelae including sensory-motor deficits, seizures, and impairments of learning and memory. Neurological sequelae occur in up to half of the survivors of pneumococcal meningitis. Meningitis is manifested as severe headache, occurring in almost 90% of cases of bacterial meningitis, followed by nuchal rigidity. Meningitis is a potentially serious condition due to the proximity of the inflammation to the brain and spinal cord. The potential for serious neurological damage or even death causes meningitis to need immediate medical attention and evaluation.
Sawati Sharma*, Shubham Goyal, Narinder Pal Kaur and Akhilesh Vats
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy & Emerging Sciences, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technology Makhnumajra, Baddi, Distt. Solan-173205, Himachal Pradesh, India
01 February, 2014
22 April, 2014
03 May, 2014
01 July, 2014