NATURAL HABITAT, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF A MEDICINAL WEED- CLEOME RUTIDOSPERMA DC. (CLEOMACEAE): A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEWAbstract
Herbal treatment used in healthcare system from ancient time. Plants had been used by all cultures, ethnic group and society throughout history in the whole world. Plants are the potential source of secondary metabolites which have high medicinal value and huge utility in healthcare development. Herbal medicines are now in huge prospects in the developing and developed nation for basic health treatment. It is inexpensive and has minimal side effects. Cleome rutidosperma DC (Family-Cleomaceae) is an annual herbaceous plant, and it is commonly known as Fringed Spider Flower. Cleome rutidosperma is not only a weed, but it is an important medicinal plant, too. This review deals with phytochemical, morphological, taxonomical and other important biological aspects of Cleome rutidosperma. Literature survey indicated that this medicinal plant is available in tropical parts of India has various reported biological activities like analgesic, anti-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, locomotory effect, wound healing property, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, anti-convulsant, anti-diabetic, diuretic and laxative activity etc. The review was done to find out morphological, physicochemical and phytochemical screening of Cleome rutidosperma plant parts. This review can be helpful for identification and preparation of monograph of the plant.
P. Ghosh, S. Chatterjee *, P. Das, A. Banerjee, S. Karmakar and S. Mahapatra
Department of Biotechnology, Techno India University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
05 August 2018
11 November 2018
19 January 2019
01 April 2019