NOVEL BIOMARKERS OF ATHEROGENIC DIET INDUCED DYSLIPIDEMIA AND METABOLIC SYNDROME SUPPRESSED BY TERMINALIA ARJUNAAbstract
Atherosclerosis results from the slow deposition of fatty materials in media and large arteries leading to mortality worldwide. Terminalia arjuna is an herb of Combretaceae family which contains flavonoids, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides with high antioxidant properties. This study was conducted to determine the effect of hydroalcoholic extract fraction of T. arjuna on blood lipids and atherosclerosis in hyperlipidemia Wistar rats model induced by atherogenic diet. In the hyperlipidemia animal model, the rats received a hydroalcoholic extract of T. arjuna treatment exhibits a noticeable reduction in total cholesterol, total triglycerides and elevation in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). A result reveals that T. arjuna considerably decreases TC, TG and increases antioxidant levels. Metabolic marker of homocysteine, pro-inflammatory (adipocytokines) markers such as C-reactive protein, leptin, and IL6, anti-inflammatory marker like adiponectin, fibrinolytic factors such as plasminogen activator (PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) that are an association with atherogenic diet consumption. Hence, T. arjuna extract can effectively prevent the progress of atherosclerosis. This is possible due to the effect of T. arjuna having triterpenoids, cardiac glycosides alkaloids, and flavonoids. The hydroalcoholic extract of T. arjuna was found to possess remarkable hypolipidemic activity.
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tishk International University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
10 December 2018
15 April 2019
18 April 2019
01 May 2019