ORAL CANCER AND ITS EPIDEMIOLOGY, THERAPY AND RISK FACTORS, CASE STUDIES IN KARNATAKA: A REVIEWAbstract
Oral cancer is one of the lethal cancers, having first rank in India and sixth most deadly cancer in world and most of the time occurs due to improper lifestyle and adverse habits. Cancers of the lung, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, urinary bladder, renal, pelvic and pancreas are among the neoplastic diseases induced by smoking. Epidemiological studies have firmly identified the connection between smoking and oral cancer. In the review, we have discussed about the risk factor of oral cancer, recent advancement in treatment of oral cancer and cases in Karnataka state of India. We focused on the reason of oral cancer, as many studies suggested that tobacco (smokeless and smoking), excessive consumption of alcohol, and exposure of radiation are the main causing agents of oral cancer. People adopted tobacco socially in India and there is something to worry about that people are not aware that tobacco is primary causal factor of oral cancer. In present study, we focused on the treatment of oral cancer and what modification in DNA can lead the oral cancer and how to reverse the action of the cancerous cells to prevent the cancer.
Poojitha B. Sridhara, S. Chandrashekar, Chandan Shivamallu, Kollur Shiva Prasad, D. Chandan, Sharanagouda S. Patil and S. M. Gopinath *
Department of Biotechnology, Davangere University, Shivagangotri, Davangere, Karnataka India.
28 September 2020
03 April 2021
25 May 2021
10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.12 (11). 5652-61
01 November 2021