PARENTS AWARENESS RELATED TO CHILD ABUSE MEASURES: A SAUDI COMMUNITY-BASED STUDYAbstract
Background: Child abuse is a common episode, but rarely predictable. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the parent’s awareness related to child abuse measures. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional survey of 400 Saudi parents about child abuse-related factors. All participants were 20 years or older. Results: Out of the 400 parents, 96/400(24%) (41/175 (23.4%) were fathers, and 55/225 (24.4%) were mothers), have witnessed child abuse during the past 12 months. The most reported type of child abuse was the physical followed by verbal and psychological, representing 42/96 (43.8%), 28/96 (29.2%), and 21/96 (21.9%), respectively. About 19/41 (46.3%) and 10/41 (24.4%) of the fathers have witnessed physical and psychological abuse correspondingly, whereas, around 23/55 (41.8%), and 20/55 (36.4%) of the mothers have reported physical and verbal abuse in this order. Out of the 41 children reported by fathers, 18/41(44%) were males, and 23/41(56%) were females, hence, out of the 55 children witnessed by mothers, 23/55 (42%) were males, and 32/55 (58%) were females. Conclusion: Child abuse is common in Saudi Arabia, with the most frequent being physical, verbal, and emotional. Fathers possessed higher levels of awareness towards child abuse-related factors compared to mothers.
F. S. Alreshidi
Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ha’il, Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).
23 April 2020
26 June 2020
30 June 2020
01 July 2020