PHARMACOGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF LAGERSTROEMIA SPECIOSA FRUITAbstract
Lagerstroemia speciosa (Lythraceae), commonly known as Banaba which bears attractive and colourful pink or purple flowers. The leaf of the plant is used as a remedy for the treatment of diabetes. The seed, root, stem bark of the plant has shown a promising pharmacological effect. Fruits are used for diarrhoea, mouth ulcers. Pharmacognostic evaluation of leaves stems and stem bark is available in the literature; there are no reports available on pharmacognostic evaluation of fruit. The current study aims at the development of pharmacognostic standards for Lagerstroemia speciosa fruits. Fruits were evaluated for organoleptic, microscopic characteristics, physicochemical properties, preliminary phytochemical screening. Microscopy analyses showed pericarp, epidermal layer, mesocarp, endocarp, and seeds. Powder microscopy showed elongated sclerides, stone cells, fibers, parenchyma cells. Water and alcohol extractive values were found to be 13.2% and 0.96%, respectively. Preliminary phytochemical investigation of extracts showed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, and saponin. The current study would serve as an important tool for correct identification and preparation of monograph of Lagerstroemia speciosa fruit.
Rohini Shyam Waghmare and Pratima Arun Tatke *
C. U. Shah College of Pharmacy, S. N. D. T. Women’s University, Sir Vithaldas Vidyavihar, Santacruz (W), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
14 December 2020
16 March 2021
01 October 2021
01 November 2021