PHARMACOGNOSTIC, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF ALLIUM SATIVUM LINN. BULB (LILIACEAE)Abstract
Allium sativum linn (Garlic) belong to family Liliaceae has been widely known since ancient times for medicinal use and for flavouring food. It contains large amount of sulphur containing compounds like Alliin, Allicin, Ajoene, Diallyl sulphide, Diallyl disulphide Diallyl trisulfide, Vinyldithiines which has beneficial activity including Antithrombotic, Anticancer, Antiviral, Antifungal and Antimicrobial, Anti-inflammatory etc. Ajoene is known as an inhibitor of platelet aggregation induced by all known agonists which also a good inhibitor of tumour and antifungal property. The present study deals with pharmacognostical parameters for bulb of Allium sativum which mainly consist of the detailed macromorphology of cloves and bulb, microscopy and micrometry of transverse section of cloves of Allium sativum linn which has been carried out by using MOTIC Digital Microscope. The other parameters like physicochemical constant and phytochemical screening were studied. The study will provide referential information for the correct identification and standardization of crude drug.
P.V. Kadam*, K.N. Yadav, F.A. Karjikar, F.A. Patel, M. K. Patidar and M.J. Patil
Marathwada Mitra Mandal’s College of Pharmacy, Thergaon (Kalewadi), Pune- 411 033, Maharashtra, India
06 April, 2013
07 June, 2013
21 August, 2013
01 September, 2013