PHARMACOGNOSTICAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDIES ON TUBER OF PUERARIA TUBEROSAAbstract
Medicinal herbs have an important role in illness prevention, and their promotion and usage are compatible with all current disease preventive techniques. Pueraria tuberosa, widely known as kudzu, is a climber with tuberculated woody stems. It has exhibited Cardio-tonic, Aphrodisiac, Abthyperglycemic Galactogogic, and anti-lipidemic characteristics Daidzin, Puerarin, Puerarone, Genistein, Puetuberosanol, Tuberostan, Tuberosin and Puerarin 4′,6′ diacetate are all found in high amounts in the tubers of Pueraria tuberosa. Numerous bioactive phytochemicals, mostly Isoflavonoids such as Puerarin, Genistein, Daidzein and Tuberosin, were soon identified in the tuber. In the present study, three types of studies, Pharmacognostical Studies, Phytochemical Studies, and Pharmacological Studies, have been done using methanolic extracts of tuber powder; Pharmacognostical Studies include organoleptic evaluation, microscopical evaluation, and physical evaluation. In pharmacological studies, analgesic activity was recorded using the Hot plate Method. A suitably designed transverse section of the tuber was studied and different tissue organizations were viewed at 10x and 40x. Foreign organic matter, ash values, extractive values, moisture content, swelling index, and foaming index were all measured, analyzed and recorded. In accordance of increasing polarity, successive Soxhlet extractions were done with different solvents, e.g., the % yields of petroleum ether, chloroform, ethanol and distilled water were computed. Alkaloids, carbohydrates, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, fixed oils and other substances were identified throughout the testing.
Manjari Verma *, Priyanka Singh and Sheetal
Department of Pharmacy Meerut Institute of Technology, Baral, Partapur, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.
27 May 2022
27 July 2022
03 August 2022
01 February 2023