PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDIES OF MEDICINAL PLANT CITRULLUS COLOCYNTHIS: A REVIEWAbstract
The medicinal plant Citrullus colocynthis is very significant for indigenous medicine. The pharmacological effects of root, fruits, seeds, leaves, and the whole C. colocynthis have been practices for the treatment of diseases. Phytochemical screening of the fruits of C. colocynthis has observed several bioactive compounds. The glycosides, flavonoids, alkaloids, carbohydrates, fatty acids, and essential oils contain phenolic and flavonoids in the C. colocynthis fruit. In current research work, a review on pharmacological study of medicinal plant C. colocynthis. Many related research articles were checked and collected in Google Scholar, PubMed, Science direct, the scientific information Database, and Scopus. For the present study purpose, using the terms colocynthis, Indrayan, Garhtumba, and Kharatumba in the title of all articles published to 2021 were observed. This study suggests that the extract of C. colocynthis could offer cheaper herbal drugs. The finding of the present research work would be significant, help prepare less costly, eco-friendly herbal drugs to treat various diseases and infections to replace synthetic drugs.
G. Swarnakar *, A. Kumawat, K. Menaria and H. S. Chouhan
Department of Zoology, Government P.G. Meera Girls College, M.L.S. University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
18 May 2021
28 June 2021
30 June 2021
01 August 2021