PHYLLANTHUS RETICULATUS POIR. – AN IMPORTANT MEDICINAL PLANT: A REVIEW OF ITS PHYTOCHEMISTRY, TRADITIONAL USES AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIESAbstract
The medicinal plants are widely used by traditional medical practitioners for curing various diseases in their day to day life. In traditional system of medicine different parts of Phyllanthus reticulatus are used for curing various ailments. Bark is used as astringent and diuretic. Leaves are antidiarrheal and roots are used for asthma. Fruit of the plant is used in inflammation. Phyllanthus reticulatus has been proved to show antidiabetic, antiviral, anticancer, antiplasmodial, hepatoprotective, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. The plant contains tannic acid, terpenoids, flavonoids, phenolic compounds and steroids as main chemical constituents. This article aims to provide a comprehensive review on the phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of this plant. The innumerable medicinal properties and therapeutic uses of Phyllanthus reticulatus prove its importance as a valuable medicinal plant.